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BASIC COUNTRY FACTS

Dominican Republic

Santo Domingo

  • Spanish
  • Dominican Spanish
  • Haitian creole

10.63 million

Dominican peso

.do

+1

Dominican peso

STATUTORY LABOR REQUIREMENTS

Probation Period

  • Probationary periods are allowed, but cannot last longer than three months.

Annual Leave

  • Employees are entitled to 14 days of vacation after working for a company for more than a year, and the 13 public holidays in the country.

Public Holidays

  1. New Year's Day (1st January)
  2. Epiphany (6th January)
  3. Altagracia Day (21st January)
  4. Duarte Day (26th January)
  5. Dominican Republic Independence Day (27th February)
  6. Good Friday (10th April)
  7. Labour Day (4th May)
  8. Dominican Republic National Election Day
  9. Corpus Christi (11th June)
  10. Restoration Day (16th August)
  11. Our Lady of Mercy Day (24th September)
  12. Constitution Day (9th November)
  13. Christmas Day (25th December)

Maternity Leave

  • The Labor Code of the Dominican Republic had previously provided in its article 236 that: "The pregnant worker has a right to a mandatory rest during the six weeks that precede the probable date of the childbirth and the six following weeks.
  • However, maternity leave was extended by 2 weeks in 2018

Paternity Leave

  • Fathers are entitled to 2 days of paid paternity leave

Sick Leave

Employees generally use their vacation time as sick time as employees are not entitled to separate sick pay.

Work Hours

  • A regular workweek is 44 hours, with most employees working 8 hours a day.

Overtime

  • Work for more than 44 hours a week is considered overtime and must be paid with a 35% premium over regular hours. 
  • Hours worked in excess of 68 hours a week are paid at a 100% premium. 
  • Overtime pay does not apply to managers.

Notice Period

  • The party that terminates the employment contract must give an advance notice to the other party, the extent of which depends on the length of the employment, as follows:
    • 7 days of notice for 3 to 6 months of employment
    • 14 days of notice for 6 to 12 months of employment
    • 28 days of notice for more than 12 months of employment

Severance

  • Employers who exercise their right to terminate their employees without cause must make severance payments to the terminated employee as detailed below:
    • 6 days of salary for 3 to 6 months of employment
    • 13 days of salary for 6 to 12 months of employment
    • 21 days' salary per year of employment for 1 to 5 years of employment
    • 23 days' salary per year of employment for more than 5 years of employment

13th Month Salary in Brazil

  • Yes 
  • There is a statutory requirement to pay the 13th month salary.
  • This payment must be completed by the 20th of December.
  • The employer is also required to share their profits with the employee for their participation.

INCOME TAX

  • The Dominican Republic follows a territorial concept for the determination of taxable income.
  • Dominican-source income is subject to tax, while foreign-source income is generally not.
  • However, residents are subject to taxation on foreign investments and financial gains. 
  • In the case of individuals who become residents, this foreign-source income is taxed only after the third year. 
  • Individuals pay tax on income in excess of 416,220 Dominican pesos (DOP). 
  • Personal income is taxed at the following rates (the scale is based on annual income):

Taxable income (DOP)

Tax on column 1 (DOP)

Tax on excess (%)

Over (column 1)

Not over

0

416,220

0

0

416,220

624,329

0

15

624,329

867,123

31,216

20

867,123

and above

79,776

25

DEDUCTIBLE EXPENSES

Personal Deductions

  • Individuals (who are income taxpayers) may deduct educational expenses incurred by them and their direct dependent non-wage earners from gross income subject to tax. 
  • Educational expenses include those incurred in connection with elementary, medium, technical, and university education. 
  • The deduction is allowed only up to 10% of gross taxable income.
  • Other non-business expenses are not deductible.

Standard Deductions

  • Residents have a standard deduction of DOP 399,923 annually, which is adjusted by the annual inflation rates. 
  • Christmas bonuses, severance, and pre-notice payments are tax exempt.

Business Deductions

  • Individuals performing commercial or industrial activities can deduct expenses incurred in the production of business activities, whether or not they keep organized accounting records.
  • Otherwise, they have the option to deduct 40% on the gross revenue as total deductions to get the net taxable income. 
  • In these cases, the standard/fixed deduction is not applicable.

Deductible Expenses

Personal Deductions

  • Individuals (who are income taxpayers) may deduct educational expenses incurred by them and their direct dependent non-wage earners from gross income subject to tax. 
  • Educational expenses include those incurred in connection with elementary, medium, technical, and university education. 
  • The deduction is allowed only up to 10% of gross taxable income.
  • Other non-business expenses are not deductible.

Standard Deductions

  • Residents have a standard deduction of DOP 399,923 annually, which is adjusted by the annual inflation rates. 
  • Christmas bonuses, severance, and pre-notice payments are tax exempt.

Business deductions

  • Individuals performing commercial or industrial activities can deduct expenses incurred in the production of business activities, whether or not they keep organized accounting records.
  • Otherwise, they have the option to deduct 40% on the gross revenue as total deductions to get the net taxable income. 
  • In these cases, the standard/fixed deduction is not applicable.

IMMIGRATION

  • Depending on their country of citizenship, individuals may be required to apply for and obtain an entry visa before traveling to the Dominican Republic.
  • The government of the Dominican Republic grants a work authorization to foreign employees who have special knowledge or experience in a certain field. 
  • The granting of a work authorization is subject to certain rules that must be checked on a case-by-case basis because the rules may vary. 
  • In addition, nonresident employees who intend to work in the Dominican Republic in a dependent employment relationship for a local entity must obtain a work visa. 
  • The NM1 Visa for work purposes is granted to individuals who, as a result of the nature of their occupation, remain in the country for one year. 
  • In general, this visa is granted to people who fulfill contracts for a specific time period. 
  • The visa can be renewed for one-year periods during the term of the contract.

Type of Visa/Permit

Documentation

Validity

Eligibility

Business /Working Visa (NM1)

  • Passport
  • 1 photo
  • Contract or work letter from the Dominican company
  • Birth certificate (apostilled from the Foreign Office)
  • University Degree and CV
  • Certificate of Labor from the Ministry of Labor of the Dominican Republic, containing the Resolution No. 135 (this document must be supplied by the Dominican company)
  • Certificate of good conduct (apostilled from the Foreign Office)
  • Letter of Guarantee from a Dominican citizen or company, legalised by the Attorney General (Procuraduría)
  • A letter from doctor / GP stating that you are in good health
  • Most recent bank statement of the bank account of the person funding the journey
  • Application form and a letter with details of your request
  • The visa fee 

1 year (can be extended)

  • The NM1 Visa for work purposes is granted to individuals who, as a result of the nature of their occupation, remain in the country for one year

VALUE ADDED TAX

  • Tax on the Transfer of Industrialized Goods and Services (ITBIS) is a value-added tax (VAT) applied to industrialized goods (movable) and services at a rate between 13% and 18%, with exemptions established by law to certain goods and services.

VAT

Standard Rate

18%

Reduced Rate

13%

WITHHOLDING TAX

Dividends

  • The withholding tax on dividends paid to a resident or nonresident is 10%
  • The same withholding tax applies to dividends or benefit remittances by free trade zone entities

Interest

  • The withholding tax on interest paid to a resident individual or a nonresident (individual or entity) is 10%
  • No tax is withheld on interest paid to a resident legal entity

Royalties

  • The withholding tax on royalties paid to a nonresident is 27%
  • No tax is withheld on royalties paid to a resident legal entity, and royalties paid to a resident individual are subject to a 10% withholding tax

Fees for Technical services

  • Fees for technical services paid to a nonresident are subject to a 27% withholding tax, regardless of where the services are provided
  • No tax is withheld on fees for technical services paid to a resident legal entity, and fees paid to a resident individual are subject to a 10% withholding tax

Type of Payment

Residents

Nonresidents

 

Company

Individual

Company 

Individual

Dividends

10%

10%

10%

10%

Interest

0%

10%

10%

10%

Royalties

0%

10%

27%

27%

Technical Service Fee

0%

10%

27%

27%

TERMINATION

There are 4 ways to terminate an employment contract

  1. At Will Termination ("desahucio")
    • Any party to an employment contract has the right to terminate it unilaterally without having to specify a cause. 
    • The party that terminates the employment contract must give an advance notice to the other party

    2.For Cause Termination by the Employer ("despido")

    • Employers may dismiss their employees alleging one or several of the specific causes listed in the Labor Code. 
    • For cause termination by an employer (despido) requires evidence of the commission by the employee of one or several of the listed grounds for termination. 
    • It also requires that the employer give notice of the termination and the grounds on which it is based to the Department of Labor within 48 hours of the dismissal. 
    • The right of the employer to base the dismissal on a specific cause for termination expires 15 days after the employee has committed the act alleged as grounds for termination.
             3.For Cause Termination by the Employee ("dimisión")
    • An employee may resign from his or her job for cause (dimisión). 
    • For cause termination by employees also requires evidence of the commission by the employer of one or several of the listed grounds for termination.
                4.Termination Due to Incapacity or Death of the Employee

STATUTORY BENEFITS

  • These are mandatory benefits as postulated by law
  • These include probationary period, annual leave, public holidays, sick leave, maternity leave, paternity leave, overtime pay, notice period, and severance pay
  • Statutory benefits also include social security benefits

Statutory Benefits

Probationary Period

Annual Leave

Public Holidays

Maternity Leave

Paternity Leave

Sick Leave

Overtime Pay

Notice Period

Severance Pay

Social Security Benefits

PAYMENTS AND INVOICING

  • The tax year-end is 31 December.
  • Spouses are required to file separate income tax returns covering their respective incomes.
  • Income from property held in common is included in the return of the husband, so it should not be included in the spouse’s return.
  • Individuals are required to file a personal tax return only when income from sources different from the salaries, wages, and bonuses (in which the employer makes withholdings) is received
  • If salaries are paid outside local payroll, individuals shall file a personal tax return. 
  • The personal tax return is due 31 March of the year after the tax year-end.
  • Employers are required to withhold income tax from employees’ remuneration on a monthly basis.
  • Tax on income from sources different from the salaries, wages, and bonuses received is due 31 March of the year after the tax year-end.

 EASE OF DOING BUSINESS

  • The ease of doing business index is an index created by Simeon Djankov, an economist at the Central and Eastern Europe sector of the World Bank Group.
  • Higher rankings (a low numerical value) indicate better, usually simpler, regulations for businesses and stronger protections of property rights.
  • According to the World Bank Dominican Republic ranked 115th in the World in 2019 in terms of ease of doing business.

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