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BASIC COUNTRY FACTS

The Oriental Republic of Uruguay

Montevideo

  • Spanish
  • Portuñol
  • English

3.449 million

Peso Uruguayo

.uy

+598

Peso Uruguayo

STATUTORY LABOR REQUIREMENTS

Probation Period

  • No statutory regulation in Uruguay. 
  • Common practice is to stipulate a 3 months’ trial period as a clause of the employment agreement. 
  • The jurisprudence has accepted the validity of this clause.

Annual Leave

  • In their first year of employment, employees are not entitled to paid holidays. 
  • After that, every employee in Uruguay receives a minimum of 20 days of paid vacation each year. 
  • After five years of work with the same employer, the employee is entitled to an additional paid vacation day for every four years worked.

Public Holidays

  1. New Year's Day (1st January)
  2. Epiphany (6th January)
  3. Shrove Tuesday (25th February)
  4. Maundy Thursday (9th April)
  5. Good Friday (10th April)
  6. Labor Day (1st May)
  7. Battle of Las Piedras Day (18th May)
  8. Constitution Day (18th July)
  9. Independence Day (of Uruguay) (25th August)
  10. Columbus Day (12th October)
  11. All Souls Day (2nd November)
  12. Christmas Day (25th December)

Maternity Leave

  • Since 1 June 2017 civil servants of the Central Administration are entitled to 14 weeks of Maternity leave (as well as private sector workers); and mothers or fathers can make use of a reduction in working hours, with a minimum of four hours a day, when the baby is between six and 12 months old.

Paternity Leave

  • Fathers can make use of a reduction in working hours, with a minimum of four hours a day, when the baby is between six and 12 months old.

Sick Leave

  • Employers do not have to provide sick leave, so instead, employees can get paid sick time through the Institute of Social Security (BPS).

Overtime

  • Overtime work is generally compensated at twice the normal wage, and work on public holidays is paid at 2.5 times the regular compensation.

Notice Period

  • Employers must provide one day’s written notice. 
  • There is no regulation on notice of resignation.

Severance

  • Employees are entitled to severance payments which includes one month’s salary for every year employed up to 6 months of salary.

13th Month Salary in Brazil

  • Yes (Mandatory)
  • There is a statutory requirement to pay the 13th month salary.
  • Which it is paid in two instalments named as supplementary annual salary, one in June and one in December.

 INCOME TAX

  • Under the personal income tax law, effective from 1 July 2007, individuals are subject to income tax in Uruguay. 
  • Resident individuals are subject to tax on their Uruguayan-source income. 
  • They are also subject to tax on certain foreign-source income, such as capital gains and work income, if certain conditions are met. 
  • Income subject to the tax is divided into the categories of capital gains (Category I) and labor income (Category II). 
  • The basic rate of personal income tax on capital gains is 12%. 
  • Tax on labor income applies to income derived from dependent or independent work. 
  • The tax is imposed at progressive rates ranging from 10% to 36%. 
  • Nonresident individuals are subject to income tax on their Uruguayan-source income at a rate of 12%. 
  • They are also subject to tax on their income from technical services performed abroad if certain conditions are met.

Income Tax Rate for Labor Income

Annual taxable gross income (UYU)

Tax rate (%)

Over

Up To

0

348,936

0

348,936

498,480

10

498,480

747,720

15

747,720

1,495,440

24

1,495,440

2,492,400

25

2,492,400

3,738,600

27

3,738,600

5,732,520

31

5,732,520

 

36

 IMMIGRATION

  • To work in Uruguay, an employee must have a Uruguayan permit. 
  • Although Uruguayan regulations do not provide a “work permit” as such, a foreign national may work in Uruguay under a permanent residence visa, or under one of the temporary visas, for a period lasting the length of the employment contract. 
  • If the period is less than 180 days, a provisional identity sheet of the identity card should be requested. 
  • An applicant may work in Uruguay while his or her work permit application and other papers are being processed. 
  • No limitations are imposed on foreign nationals wishing to start businesses or head subsidiaries in Uruguay
  • Temporary visas are available to the following temporary resident individuals: 
    • Migrant workers 
    • Scientists, researchers and academics 
    • Professional, technical and skilled personnel 
    • Students, trainees and interns 
    • Businesspersons, entrepreneurs, directors, managers and consultants 
    • Journalists 
    • Sports persons 
    • Artists 
    • Religious individuals
  • Temporary visas are available to the following nonresident individuals: 
    • Tourists (foreigners entering the country for recreation, leisure or rest) 
    • Individuals invited by public or private entities because of their profession or art
    • Businesspersons 
    • Members of public, artistic or cultural performances 
    • Members of international transport crews 
    • Passengers in transit
    • Individuals in local border traffic 
    • Members of crews of fishing vessels 
    • Members of crews performing transshipments in the country 
    • Individuals who come for medical treatment 
    • Athletes 
    • Journalists and other professionals in the media 
    • All persons not included in the preceding items who are expressly authorized by the National Directorate of Immigration
  • Permanent visas are issued to foreign nationals who intend to establish permanent residence in Uruguay. 
  • To obtain a permanent visa, an application must be filed either in the foreign national’s home country or in Uruguay, accompanied by the following documents: 
    • Passport or equivalent document 
    • Health certificate 
    • Proof of financial means 
    • Criminal records 
    • Identity card or document 
    • Birth certificate 
    • Uruguayan address certificate

Type of Visa/ Permit

Documentation

Validity

Eligibility

Temporary Visa

  • Application form
  • Employment Contract
  • Passport or equivalent document 
  • Health certificate 
  • Proof of financial means 
  • Criminal records 
  • Identity card or document 
  • Birth certificate 

6 months to

1 year (can be extended)

A foreign national may work in Uruguay under a permanent residence visa, or under one of the temporary visas, for a period lasting the length of the employment contract.

Permanent Residence Visa

  • Passport or equivalent document 
  • Health certificate 
  • Proof of financial means 
  • Criminal records 
  • Identity card or document 
  • Birth certificate 
  • Uruguayan address certificate

Indefinitely 

  • Permanent visas are issued to foreign nationals who intend to establish permanent residence in Uruguay.
  • Permanent residency can only be granted in Uruguay to those who live in the country and can show that they have spent time in the country (exceeding 2 years)

VALUE ADDED TAX 

  • The Uruguayan value-added tax (VAT) is based on the value-added method.
  • All business undertakings that are income taxpayers are defined as VAT payers. 
  • VAT also applies to self-employed individuals and legal entities in general (including foreign ones) rendering personal services in Uruguay.
  • VAT standard rate is currently 22 percent.
  • A reduced rate of 10 percent applies to certain goods and services such as basic food items, medicines and services rendered by hotels.
  • Goods subject to higher rates are: alcoholic beverages, tobacco, gasoline, fuel, lubricants and other petroleum products. 
  • The maximum rates are 80 percent for alcoholic beverages and 70 percent for tobacco.

VAT

Luxury Rate

80% (Alcohol)

70% (Tobacco)

Standard Rate

22%

Reduced Rate

10%

WITHHOLDING TAX

Dividends

  • Dividends paid to a nonresident are subject to a 7% withholding tax, unless the rate is reduced under a tax treaty

Interest

  • The withholding tax on interest paid to a nonresident is 7% or 12%, depending on the term and currency of the loan, unless the rate is reduced under a tax treaty
  • The rate is increased to 25% if the payment is made to a resident of a tax haven

Royalties

  • The withholding tax on royalties paid to a nonresident is 12%, unless the rate is reduced under a tax treaty. The rate is increased to 25% if the payment is made to a resident of a tax haven

Technical Service Fess

  • A 12% withholding tax is levied on payments made for services provided in Uruguay by nonresidents and technical services (including advertising service) provided from abroad to corporate income taxpayers in Uruguay

 

WHT

Dividends

7%

Interest

7% or 12%;

25% (if payment is made to a resident of a tax haven)

Royalties

12%;

25% (if the payment is made to a resident of a tax haven)

Technical Service Fees

12%

TERMINATION 

  • In case a just cause for termination arises, such as a material breach of the contract, the agreement can be terminated without prior notice or indemnification, subject to a conclusive evidence of the just cause.
  • On the other hand, termination is considered abusive and subject to indemnification when one or some of the following circumstances occur:  
    • absence of a just cause
    • notification of termination is not given on time; and /or 
    • termination is done in bad faith.
  • Employers must provide one day’s written notice. 
  • There is no regulation on notice of resignation.
  • Employees are entitled to severance payments which includes one month’s salary for every year employed up to 6 months of salary.

STATUTORY BENEFITS

  • These are mandatory benefits as postulated by law 
  • These include annual leave, public holidays, maternity leave, paternity leave, sick leave, overtime pay, notice period, severance pay, 13th month pay
  • Statutory benefits also include social security benefits

Statutory benefits

Annual Leave

Public Holidays

Maternity Leave

Paternity Leave

Sick Leave

Overtime Pay

Notice Period

Severance Pay

13th month Pay

Social Security Contributions

 PAYMENTS AND INVOICING

  • Married persons have the option to be taxed jointly or separately for purposes of the personal income tax Category II and the net worth tax.
  • The tax year ends on 31st December
  • The taxpayer has to register at the tax office, following the procedures and formalities established by law and regulations.
  • Non-resident individuals are subject to non-resident income tax on their Uruguayan-sourced income.
  • In most cases, this tax applies through local withholdings; otherwise the non-resident will have to file their own tax return (personally or by means of an appointed representative).

EASE OF DOING BUSINESS

  • The ease of doing business index is an index created by Simeon Djankov, an economist at the Central and Eastern Europe sector of the World Bank Group.
  • Higher rankings (a low numerical value) indicate better, usually simpler, regulations for businesses and stronger protections of property rights.
  • According to the World Bank Uruguay ranked 101st in the World in 2019 in terms of ease of doing business.

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