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BASIC COUNTRY FACTS

Republic of Angola

Luanda

  • Portuguese
  • Chokwe
  • Kikong 
  • Kimbundu
  • Oshiwambo 
  • Umbundu

30.81 million

Angolan kwanza

.ao

+244

Angolan kwanza

STATUTORY LABOR REQUIREMENTS

Probation Period

  • Unlimited employment contracts generally have a probation period of 60 days.

Annual Leave

  • Angolan employees are generally entitled to 22 days of vacation per year.  
  • Employees with children are entitled to an additional vacation day per year until the child reaches the age of 14.

Public Holidays

  1. New Year's Day (1st January)
  2. Liberation Movement Day (4th February)
  3. Carnival (25th February)
  4. International Women's Day (9th March)
  5. Day of the Liberation of Southern Africa (23rd March)
  6. Peace Day (6th April)
  7. Good Friday (10th April)
  8. Labor Day (1st May)
  9. National Heroes' Day (in Angola) (17th September)
  10. All Souls Day (2nd November)
  11. Independence Day (of Angola) (11th November)
  12. Christmas Day (25th December)

Maternity Leave

  • Female employees are entitled to three months of maternity leave, four weeks to be taken before the due date and the balance after, with 9 weeks after guaranteed, regardless of the due date. 
  • If there are multiple births, the mother is entitled to an additional four weeks. 
  • The employee may not return to work until at least 5 weeks after the birth.
  • Employees on maternity leave are generally entitled to social security compensation, with supplementation by the employer.

Paternity Leave

  • There is no statutory paternity leave.

Sick Leave

  • Employees may take unlimited days off of work for illness as long as they present a medical certificate.
  • Medium and large companies must pay medical leave at 100% of the employee’s salary for the first two months. The third through the 12th months must be paid at 50% of base salary.

Work Hours

  • The normal working week in Angola is 44 hours with each day limited to 8 hours. 
  • The work week can be extended to 54 hours or 9 hours per day.

 Overtime

  • Overtime is limited to:
    • 2 hours per normal day of work
    • 40 hours per month of work
    • 200 annual hours
  • Overtime of up to 30 hours per month is paid at an additional 50% rate. 
  • Additional overtime is paid at an additional 75%.

Notice Period

  • For fixed-term employment contracts, employers must serve employees with two weeks' prior written notice before their contract expires. 
  • Further, a 30-day notice period applies to individual termination for objective reasons and a 60-day notice period applies to collective dismissal.

Severance

There is no severance pay

13th Month Salary in Brazil

  • Yes (Mandatory)
  • There is a statutory requirement to pay holiday bonus equivalent to 50% of the base salary.
  • There is a mandatory 13th month vacation bonus which is paid before the holiday.
  • And there is a mandatory Christmas Bonus which is paid in December.

 

INCOME TAX

  • The PIT Code foresees, with the respective specificities, the segmentation of income into Groups, namely:
    • Group A:  Generally applicable to the income earned by employees.
    • Group B:  Income earned by self-employed workers.
    • Group C:  Income earned by individuals carrying out an industrial or commercial activity listed in the minimum profits table in force, attached to the PIT Code.
  • Self-employed workers (Group B) are taxed at a flat rate of 15%. 
  • This 15% tax rate is applicable to 70% of the gross income (resulting in an effective rate of 10.5%).
  • Individuals carrying out an industrial or commercial activity (Group C) are taxed at a flat rate of 30% or 6.5%, as explained below:

Taxable income

Rate (%)

Amount of profits established in the minimum profits table and individuals with organized accounting.

30

Amount of sales of goods and services (not subject to withholding) when the taxpayer has turnover in excess of four times of the maximum value established in the minimum profits table.


The income received from the provision of services subject to withholding under the Corporate Income Tax (CIT) Code to corporate persons or individuals with organized accounting is subject to 6.5% PIT withholding tax (WHT) (this WHT is regarded as a final tax).

6.5

 

  • For Group A, there are progressive income tax rates up to 17%, as follows:

Income (AOA)

Payable tax (AOA)

Up to 34,450

Exempt

Between 34,451 and 35,000

The excess of 34,450

Between 35,001 and 40,000

550 + 7% upon the excess of 35,000

Between 40,001 and 45,000

900 + 8% upon the excess of 40,000

Between 45,001 and 50,000

1,300 + 9% upon the excess of 45,000

Between 50,001 and 70,000

1,750 + 10% upon the excess of 50,000

Between 70,001 and 90,000

3,750 + 11% upon the excess of 70,000

Between 90,001 and 110,000

5,950 + 12% upon the excess of 90,000

Between 110,001 and 140,000

8,350 + 13% upon the excess of 110,000

Between 140,001 and 170,000

12,250 + 14% upon the excess of 140,000

Between 170,001 and 200,000

16,450 + 15% upon the excess of 170,000

Between 200,001 and 230,000

20,950 + 16% upon the excess of 200,000

More than 230,001

25,750 + 17% upon the excess of 230,000

DEDUCTIBLE EXPENSES

Employment Expenses

  • The 8% social security contributions (supported by the employee) are allowed as a deduction to the taxable income for PIT purpose of the employee.

Business deductions

  • No business deductions are allowed for employees.
  • For self-employed workers and individuals carrying out a commercial or industrial activity, business related expenses are allowed as a deduction to the taxable income, within certain limits.

Deductible Expenses

Employment Expenses

  • The 8% social security contributions (supported by the employee) are allowed as a deduction to the taxable income for PIT purpose of the employee.

Business deductions

  • No business deductions are allowed for employees.
  • For self-employed workers and individuals carrying out a commercial or industrial activity, business related expenses are allowed as a deduction to the taxable income, within certain limits.

IMMIGRATION

  • In line with the new legal regime for foreign nationals in Angola, various types of temporary visas may be granted to foreign nationals who intend to come to Angola. 
  • The type of visa depends on the reason and period of stay.
  • The Tourism Visas are granted by Consular Missions at the applicant’s country of origin or residence, for business prospection or family reasons and for engaging in scientific and technologic activities, as well to those foreign nationals who intend to stay in Angola for recreational, sporting or cultural activities. 
  • Tourism Visas allow its holder to stay in the country for 30 days, extendable twice for the same time period. 
  • Tourism Visas do not allow their holders to perform remunerated activities in the country, for which a Work Visa is required, or apply for residence.
  • Temporary Stay Visas, which are granted for 365 days, extendable for the same time period, until the end of the term of the reason that justified the visa, may be granted in the following circumstances: 
  • To accomplish missions within religious institutions or within nongovernmental organizations 
  • For scientific research, mobility or university extension 
  • To family members of study, medical treatment and work visa holders 
  • To family members of holders of valid residence permits 
  • To spouses of Angolan citizens
  • The appropriate visa allowing a foreign national to undertake remunerated activities in Angola is the Work Visa. 
  • The Work Visa is granted for 365 days, extendable for equal time periods until the end of the term of the employment agreement that justified the visa. 
  • The Work Visa must be applied for at the Angolan Consulate or Embassy in the applicant’s country of origin or residence. 
  • Before applying for a Work Visa, a favorable opinion from the entity overseeing the sector of activity in Angola is required.

 

Type of Visa/ Permit

Documentation

Validity

Eligibility

Tourist Visa

  • Valid passport
  • Proof of accommodation
  • Passport size photo
  • Travel itinerary
  • Proof of sufficient funds

30 days

  • The Tourism Visas are granted for business prospection or family reasons and for engaging in scientific and technologic activities, as well to those foreign nationals who intend to stay in Angola for recreational, sporting or cultural activities. 

Temporary Stay Visa

  • Letter by the addressed to the Consular Section stating the reasons to apply for Temporary Stay visa
  • A passport with at least 9 months’ validity
  • Criminal Record certified by the Consulate
  • Medical report issued by a Health Institution
  • Proof of means of subsistence while in Angola
  • Proof of accommodation
  • 3 personal photos
  • Photocopy of passport's main pages

1 year

  • May be granted in the following circumstances: 
  • To accomplish missions within religious institutions or within nongovernmental organizations 
  • For scientific research, mobility or university extension 
  • To family members of study, medical treatment and work visa holders 
  • To family members of holders of valid residence permits 
  • To spouses of Angolan citizens

Work Visa

  • Company letter in Portuguese
  • Application form fully completed
  • Photograph
  • Passport valid for more than twelve (12) months
  • Contract of employment in Portuguese
  • Medical report issued by a Health Institution
  • Criminal Record certified by the Consulate
  • Certificate of Academic or Professional Qualifications
  • Two (2) photocopies of the license of the contracting (private) company in Angola
  • Curriculum Vitae in Portuguese
  • Photocopies of the passport

1 year

  • Foreigners seeking employment in Angola must apply for a work visa

 

VALUE ADDED TAX (VAT)

  • From 1 October 2019 onwards, VAT entered into force in Angola, and the consumption tax was revoked.
  • The Angolan VAT system is a modern regime with a rate of 14% and a broad tax base.

VAT

Standard Rate

14%

WITHHOLDING TAX

  • Under domestic law, dividends paid to non-resident companies are subject to a 10% withholding tax. 
  • Dividends paid between Angolan resident companies may be exempt from withholding tax if a participation of at least 25% is held for a period of longer than 1 year prior to the dividend distribution. 
  • Dividends paid to resident or non-resident companies with stocks traded on a recognized stock exchange market are subject to a reduced withholding tax rate of 5%, applicable for the years 2015 until 2019. 
  • All royalties paid to resident or non-resident companies are subject to a 10% withholding tax.
  • Interest paid to resident or non-resident companies are subject to withholding tax usually at a rate of 15%. 
  • However, certain interest, such as interest on shareholder’s loans, corporate bonds, bank deposits, treasury bills, treasury bonds and securities issued by the Angolan Central Bank (BNA) are subject to a 10% rate. 
  • Interest on treasury bonds and securities issued by the BNA are subject to a reduced rate of 5% if the maturity is at least three years. 
  • Services are usually subject to a 6.5% withholding tax regardless of whether they are paid to a resident or a non-resident service provider. 
  • Some exemptions may apply depending on the type of service.

WHT

Dividends

0%/5%/10%

Royalties

10%

Interest

15%/10%/5%

Technical Service Fees

6.5%

TERMINATION

  • Angolan employment law is structured to offer a high level of employee protection. 
  • For employees with unlimited employment contracts, terminations must follow strict rules, and in general, employees may only be terminated for a serious infringement or an objective and economic reason that is not the fault of the employer. 
  • Litigation over termination is common.
  • For fixed-term employment contracts, employers must serve employees with two weeks' prior written notice before their contract expires. 
  • Further, a 30-day notice period applies to individual termination for objective reasons and a 60-day notice period applies to collective dismissal.
  • There is no severance pay

STATUTORY BENEFITS

  • These are mandatory benefits as postulated by law
  • These include probationary period, annual leave, public holidays, sick leave, maternity leave, overtime pay, notice period, and severance pay
  • Statutory benefits also include social security benefits

Statutory Benefits

Probationary Period

Annual Leave

Public Holidays

Maternity Leave

Sick Leave

Overtime Pay

Notice Period

Severance Pay

Social Security Benefits

PAYMENTS AND INVOICING

  • The tax year runs from 1 January to 31 December.
  • Individuals only deriving employment income are not required to file tax returns, as the employment income tax is withheld at source by their employer.
  • Employment income tax is assessed and paid on a pay as you earn (PAYE) basis through monthly WHT collected by employers.
  • Self-employed workers file an annual return disclosing their annual income during March of the following year.
  • By the end of February each year, employers should file the Employment Income Tax annual return ('Modelo 2'). 
  • This return should disclose the total number of employees (including those who are self-employed), the total amount of wages and other income paid to each employee during the prior year, and the total amount of Employment Income Tax withheld.

EASE OF DOING BUSINESS

  • The ease of doing business index is an index created by Simeon Djankov, an economist at the Central and Eastern Europe sector of the World Bank Group.
  • Higher rankings (a low numerical value) indicate better, usually simpler, regulations for businesses and stronger protections of property rights.
  • According to the World Bank Angola ranked 177th in the World in 2019 in terms of ease of doing business.

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