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Labor Laws in Bulgaria

  • Annual Leave: 21 days
  • Maternity Leave: 410 days
  • Public Holidays: 11
  • Workweek: 38.5 hours per week.

Income Tax in Bulgaria

Individuals are taxed in Bulgaria based on their tax residency status. Bulgarian tax residents are taxed on their worldwide income.

Non-residents are taxed in Bulgaria only on their Bulgarian-source income, which has a very broad legal definition.

A flat tax rate of 10% applies to all personal income, with some exceptions.

Value Added Tax (VAT) in Bulgaria

The standard VAT rate in Bulgaria is 20%.

Social Security in Bulgaria

The social security system aims to guarantee a stable standard of living for everyone. The Bulgarian social security system covers the following risks:

  • General disease,
  • Work-related accidents,
  • Occupational disease,
  • Maternity,
  • Unemployment,
  • Old-age,
  • Death.

The employer is obligated to report the conclusion of an employment contract within three days to the National Revenue Agency. Besides, he must pay the social security contributions by the 25th of the following month (Article 7 (1) of the Social Security Code (SSC.)

The total national insurance contribution rate (social security and health insurance) is 32.7% to 33.4%, of which 18.92% to 19.62% is payable by the employer and 13.78% is payable by the employee.

Work Visas in Bulgaria

Here is work visa information for Bulgaria, download our guide for an extensive breakdown.

The Employment Promotion Act is the main legal framework regulating the employment of foreign citizens in Bulgaria. However, not all foreign citizens are required to apply for a work permit when coming to work in Bulgaria.

EU and Swiss citizens are not required to obtain Bulgarian labor permits; they must only register with the local Employment Office of the region they live in.

Non-EU citizens must first apply for a work permit with the National Employment Agency before starting work for a Bulgarian company. The employer must apply for the foreign employee’s Bulgarian labor permit.

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